This works better if the drill bit or punch is hot. It will float in the apple cider vinegar drowning solution. What is a spotted wing drosophila fruit fly trap? For mass trapping, such an attractant would be prohibitively expensive. These traps are being monitored by the grower at this location. Look for fruit flies hovering around fruit and symptoms of premature fruit decay. The bottom line is that apple cider vinegar works very well as a bait. (A) Materials used in a SWD trap are a clear plastic cup with lid, pure apple cider vinegar, a drop of liquid soap, and wire or twine to hang the trap. Clear any tall vegetation away from the trap so that it’s easily accessible. One can use pure apple cider vinegar as bait. (B) A strainer is used to filter flies from the bait solution. Traps should be placed in multiples about 25-50 ft. apart, so at least two traps along the field edge and two traps in the field interior in larger fields where the edge is a considerable distance from the field. In the field, pour apple cider vinegar into the trap (red plastic cup) until it is about 2 inches deep. SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA (Drosophila suzukii) Although there are native species of fruit or vinegar flies in North America, the spotted wing drosophila (SWD) is a relatively new introduction that damages certain fruit crops throughout the country. I included a video actually showing the larvae crawling around in the raspberry. Unfortunately, unlike the native, the spotted wing drosophila also feeds on developing fruit. The flies are most prevalent in the lower, shaded parts of the plants. How to Trap Spotted Wing Drosophila. Box 179 17 Godfrey Drive Droso Trap - Spotted Wing Drosophila Trap (SWD Trap) Large plastic cup trap spotted-wing drosophila (SWD, Drosophila suzukii), a fly pest of many fruits. In my last post I introduced the spotted wing drosophila fruit fly and how damaging it is. Monmouth, ME 04259 Orono, ME 04473 Due to various restrictions on our monitoring program as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have had to reduce the number of sites we are monitoring this season, but the sites we are able to maintain will hopefully give us a good representation of what is happening around the Southern and Mid-Coast regions with spotted wing drosophila populations. Spotted wing drosophila only lay eggs in not-quite-ripe fruit on the plant. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps – Monitoring Adult Flight Author: Patty Skinkis, PhD Viticulture Extension Specialist,Oregon State University . Now recognized as established throughout Northeast. Then I filled it with an inch of apple cider vinegar and hung them around the raspberries. Because these traps may also capture other species of Drosophila, check the trap captures to confirm the presence of spotted-wing drosophila. A male spotted wing drosophila (SWD) on blueberry; another likely SWD is in the background. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps on Your Farm Although our Metro Area SWD Network provides one indicator of annual pest pressure, it cannot fully reflect the SWD pressure, or onset of SWD activity, that you experience on your farm. It is easy to construct a monitoring trap for spotted wing drosophila. Adult flies are needed to confirm species. What is a spotted wing drosophila fruit fly trap? The soap decreases the surface tension of the bait, making it easier for the small flies to fall in and drown. Add just a drop or two of liquid soap to the bait. of Plant Sciences and Entomology, University of Rhode Island, Richard Cowles, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station and Greg Loeb, Dept. There is no known risk to human health posed by ingesting SWD. This means it can be much more damaging to garden crops. Current information on registered pesticides for managing SWD is available in the New England Small Fruit Management Guide. Monitoring the adult flight of SWD will be important before grapefruit development this spring. Start protective sprays on any berries that have begun to ripen, when more than four spotted wing drosophila flies are caught in a trap, or any larvae are noticed in the fruit. Place the dough bait container into the trap. Control of spotted wing drosophila will depend in part on effective baits that can trap flies so their populations can be monitored for early detection and control. The flies are most prevalent in the lower, shaded parts of the plants. No zero catch was obtained at this site. of Entomology, Cornell University. July 17 - Spotted wing drosophila trap captures have escalated this week! July 7th, 2016. The results of their findings are posted on the Spotted Wing Drosophila blog and a distribution map is generated from the SWD trap network. Look for fruit flies hovering around fruit and symptoms of premature fruit decay. The traps were checked on June 24, 2020. The University of Maine is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution. How to Trap Spotted Wing Drosophila. Be sure to read and follow all pesticide product labels carefully, especially in regards to days to harvest restrictions and the number of applications allowed per growing season. Juliet Carroll, Fruit IPM Coordinator, NYS IPM Program Based on methods tested by Steven Alm, Dept. The most successful traps are described in more detail in the 2014 Recommendations for Sweet Cherry (PDF). This fly lays its eggs in soft fruits like raspberries, grapes, blueberries, and strawberries. Cooperative Extension: Maine Wild Blueberries, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events, Monitoring for Spotted Wing Drosophilia (YouTube), 4- to 6-foot stake and large clamp holder (for hanging cup). For mass trapping, such an … Attract and Kill Strategy . Presence of the pest is the first step to determine future management strategies. Information in this publication is provided purely for educational purposes. AKA: vinegar fly, cherry fruit fly, cherry vinegar fly, Drosophila suzukii . I included a video actually showing the larvae crawling around in the raspberry. In raspberries in Orleans County, 8 SWD were caught in 2 traps (3 males and 5 females). Managing SWD is difficult because fruit is susceptible to infestation at first color through harvest. Research suggests that when six to ten flies are caught in a yeast-baited trap in a week, larvae will start appearing in the fruit. Post date: Mar 4, 2013. Spotted Wing Drosophila: 2016 Update and Outlook. Contech fruit fly trap (E. Beers, August 2010) Deli cup bait trap for spotted wing drosophila (E. Beers, August 2010) Monitoring for Spotted Wing Drosophilia (YouTube): This video demonstrates how to use red cup traps in fields for the monitor of the spotted winged drosophila, how to identify males and females, and how to monitor berries for larvae using the “salt extraction method.”. Spotted wing drosophila (SWD) fruit fly numbers have been increasing over the past week in most of the sites that we are monitoring. The University of Maine is an EEO/AA employer, and does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, transgender status, gender expression, national origin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information or veteran’s status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. A new study in Michigan found that spotted-wing drosophila consistently prefer red, glue-covered monitoring traps made of rectangles of plastic or spheres of plastic compared to the most commonly used clear deli-cup traps. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding non-discrimination policies: Sarah E. Harebo, Director of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469-5754, 207.581.1226, TTY 711 (Maine Relay System). This year, our main projects examine the overwintering behavior, alternative host crops, and ability of various trap attractants that will hopefully help better our understanding of these invasive pests. The spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, is an exotic vinegar fly originating from South-East Asia and has invaded many American and European countries. Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Monitoring Traps . experience indicates that apple cider vinegar is easy to use and effective. It is inexpensive and simple to use. For the traps: Drill seven or punch 1/8-inch holes near the top of the deli containers, evenly spaced, leaving 1/8 of the rim diameter without a hole so you can pour used bait out that side without it leaking out of a hole. It attacks a range of soft skinned fruit and reduces crop yield and quality through direct feeding damage and … Contact firstname.lastname@example.org or call 207.933.2100. The best way to find out if you have spotted wing drosophila in your garden is to set up some simple traps. We expect populations to increase in the coming weeks as more food (fruit) becomes available for the flies, especially if conditions remain warm and humid. Traps lacking these sticky cards have caught spotted wing drosophila regularly, and the apple cider vinegar only system is quite effective. Adding other components, such as apple cider or cheap red wine has been shown to improve attractiveness. Spotted Wing Drosophila Trap with whole wheat dough bait – Cornell Fruit Resources (pdf) There is a trap network run by Extension personnel across New York State who are monitoring SWD in fruit plantings. Rotate products used regularly to prevent the possible development of resistance. Confirmed 2020 trap captures in New York: Counties colored white either don’t have traps reporting to the map or have not entered trap catch data into the … Always consult product labels for rates, application instructions and safety precautions. Dr. Hutchison's lab uses Scentry traps, but you can also make your own vinegar traps. 2020 Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Distribution map. First detected in New York in 2011 and presumed distributed throughout New York as of 2012. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps on Your Farm. The male has a single dark spot on the tip of the wing and the female has a large ovipositor. Electric drill or punch with 1/8-inch punch size drill bit. Claim: A saltwater solution will force insect pests out of infested strawberries. Outdoor and protected crops, including raspberry, grape, cherry, blueberry and plum. SWD counts this week have climbed to levels that are considered potentially damaging to ripening berry crops, especially raspberries and blueberries (see table below). The SWD was first detected in 2008 in the western United States and it has since rapidly spread Tribe: Drosophilini. spotted wing drosophila, trap Correspondence Peter J. Landolt (corresponding author), USDA, ARS, Yakima Agricultural Research Laboratory, 5230 Konnowac Pass Road, Wapato, WA 98951, USA. Place stake at the edge of the field with the cup attached at about eye height four to six feet. This pest can seriously compromise fruit production in infested crops and has a remarkable ability to invade new areas with a diverse range of environments. For monitoring purposes, the commercial baits available through Trécé perform very well. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps – Monitoring Adult Flight Author: Patty Skinkis, PhD Viticulture Extension Specialist,Oregon State University. Filmed and edited by Tiffany Woods. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied. https://extension.umaine.edu/.../insects/spotted-wing-drosophila-traps At the start of the production season, it is best to use traps in wild areas of the farm, such as hedgerows and woodland. In large fields, traps should also be placed in the field interior at three to four feet high. P.O. Subfamily: Drosophilinae. SWD is a difficult pest to control. A seven-day spray interval should be adequate in most situations, but a five day interval may become necessary if larvae continue to be present in fruit with the seven day interval. Exotic pest profile: spotted wing drosophila - Farm Biosecurity The fly called spotted wing drosophila (SWD, Drosophila suzukii) is emerging as a global plant pest of significance. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps on Your Farm If you would like to monitor SWD in your yard or garden, you can set up an SWD trap. 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: OCTOBER 20, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: OCTOBER 9, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: OCTOBER 2, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: SEPTEMBER 25, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: SEPTEMBER 21, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: SEPTEMBER 14, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: September 4, 2020, Spotted Wing Drosophila Update: August 28, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: August 21, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: August 14, 2020. Because of its high fecundity and number of generations, there is a high risk of insecticide resistance. David Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist; James Dill, Pest Management Specialist, Christina Howard, Produce Safety Professional. Traps are not 100% efficient for individual sites, so we use regional trednds to predict activity. Prepared by Frank Drummond, Professor of Insect Ecology/Entomology, The University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Do not take chances with SWD control right now. Our lab has continued the monitoring project into the 2016 season. Monitoring the adult flight of SWD will be important before grapefruit development this spring. How to make a trap to catch the Spotted Wing Drosophila Fly Amy Dreves, an entomologist with the Oregon State University Extension Service, demonstrates how to make traps out of plastic cups to catch the spotted wing drosophila fly. It is therefore best to make, or purchase two or more SWD traps for your farm, to have the best information about SWD infestation potential. It is easier to deploy and lasts longer in the field, but it is less effective in attracting SWD. Family: Drosophilidae. Post date: Mar 4, 2013. How to make a trap to catch the Spotted Wing Drosophila Fly Amy Dreves, an entomologist with the Oregon State University Extension Service, demonstrates how to make traps out of plastic cups to catch the spotted wing drosophila fly. In blueberries in Orleans and Wayne Counties 4 (3 males and 1 female) were caught in 2 traps and 5 (2 males and 3 females) in 4 traps, respectively. Start protective sprays on any berries that have begun to ripen, when more than four spotted wing drosophila flies are caught in a trap, or any larvae are noticed in the fruit. Source: R. Cowles, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. Spotted wing drosophila (SWD) is a highly invasive fruit fly that has spread to many Minnesota counties since being first reported in 2012. It is therefore best to make, or purchase two or more SWD traps for your farm, to have the best information about SWD infestation potential. Author: Matsumura . This is an invasive pest that has been showing up on the East Coast the last few years. The most effective management plans integrate a mix of cultural, preventative and chemical (either organic or synthetic pesticide) practices. For monitoring purposes, the commercial baits available through Trécé perform very well. Making a Spotted Wing Drosophila Fruit Fly Trap I made this trap by taking half gallon milk containers and poking holes in the top half of the container. Source: R. Cowles, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. Traps were initially set on June 23. For the bait: Stir together live yeast, sugar, and water in a container large enough to handle some expansion. Note hole size is important, if it is larger you will trap all kinds of flies making ID much harder. Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Biocontrol and Integrated Strategies . Traps in wild areas should be hung 1 metre above ground level and out of direct sunlight. No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. In 2012 and 2013, UNH Coop… The adult flies can be monitored using bait traps. Where brand names or company names are used it is for the reader’s information. I used about 5-6 containers in my small raspberry patch. Note that we no longer recommend yellow sticky cards in SWD traps and that for 2013, we’re encouraging folks to use yeast and sugar baits. Since its introduction and spread in the US from 2008-2012, spotted-wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura), SWD has presented a huge problem for berry growers. This small insect has been in Hawaii since the 1980s, was detected in California in 2008, spread through the West Coast in 2009, and was detected in Florida, Utah, the Carolinas, Wisconsin and Michigan for the first time in 2010. In a blueberry planting in Herkimer County six SWD were caught in four traps during the week ending June 30, 2020. Interestingly, the prior week when first catch was obtained on June 17 there were more SWD caught — one male and two females. The spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae), is an invasive pest native to Asia that has recently invaded Europe and the Americas. Other bait types will work but B.C. No endorsement is implied nor is any discrimination intended against other products with similar ingredients. Although monitoring traps are used for early D. suzukii adult detection to time the start … Filmed and edited by Tiffany Woods. 207.933.2100 1.800.287.0279. Find more detail here. The spotted wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii) is a fruit fly, very similar to the native common fruit fly which is often found on decaying fruit. 3. Commercial spotted wing drosophila trap in raspberries. A single fly quickly … Although our Metro Area SWD Network provides one indicator of annual pest pressure, it cannot fully reflect the SWD pressure, or onset of SWD activity, that you experience on your farm. Sustained catch of a single male SWD in a trap set in a blueberry planting was found in Erie County. This devastating pest has caused severe damage on soft-skinned fruit crops, which has resulted in large economic losses. Crop type. The red cup trap, two bottle traps, and the Trappit trap. Suspect fruit can be collected and inspected for larvae. SWD was present at 50% of the monitored sites last week and is approaching 80% of sites this week. The adults are small (2-3 mm) flies with red eyes and a pale brown thorax and abdomen with black stripes on the abdomen, see Figure 1. Michigan State University, David T. Handley Growers of the berries on these farms have had an active insecticide program in place for SWD. Genus species: Drosophila suzukii. The odor strongly attracts all drosophilid flies, including SWD. When the eggs hatch, the larvae feed inside, which causes one side of the berry to soften and collapse. Add fermented bait to containers (about 1½ inches of fluid in the bottom of the cup is enough, snap on the lids, and hang the traps.
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