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Mangrove forests are also the first to be cleared for the construction of saltpans from where most of the region's much needed sea salt is produced. As a result, mangroves get depleted to Mangrove ecosystems are under threat of disappearing if the human anthropogenic activities continue to destroy them at the rate the destruction is occurring. Mangrove habitat was reduced and fragmented through dredging and filling for residential canals (Kruczynski and McManus, 2002), which increases vulnerability to further destruction or invasion by exotic plants (Strong and Similar concerns have also been raised by agencies like the Mangrove Society of India (MSI), which in its 2019 report stated that 75 cases of mangrove destruction have been reported on Maharashtras coast line, of which the maximum share is of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. The destruction has the potential to kill off habitats, plants and animals that live in the ocean ecosystem. Mangrove communities including invertebrates, fishes, and plants are also highly susceptible to damage from petroleum products. Mangrove forests are found in many parts of Indonesia, with regionally important mangrove ecosystems located in Papua, Kalimantan […] Here are 17 Causes of Ocean Destruction. Demand of the question Introduction. "Destruction of mangroves has definitely been one of the major causes of flooding, since the land reclaimed from mangroves is now blocking the rain water from flowing out into the sea. Indonesia contains the largest area of mangrove forest in the world About 3 million hectares of mangrove forest grow along Indonesia’s 95,000 km coastline. Pollution – Expanding of the Industries, farming aquaculture and agriculture near the river basins has led to the production of huge amounts of garbage, wastewater, pollutants and other effluents being discharged to the mangrove wetland. Mangrove deforestation in Myanmar is the clearing of mangrove forests, usually for commercial uses or resources extraction, which is occurring mainly in 3 different regions: Rakhine State, Ayeyarwaddy Mega Delta, and Tanintharyi Division., Ayeyarwaddy Mega Delta, and Tanintharyi Division. Accurate estimates of Socio-Economic Aspects of Mangrove Degradation in an Urban Setting: A Case Study of Muanivatu Settlement, Suva, Fiji: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4372-6.ch014: In Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS), the degradation of Causes of Mangrove Depletion So far we have discussed the importance of mangroves, the current situation in Pakistan and the importance of mangroves with respect to Pakistan. Mangroves are ecologically important and extensive in the Neotropics, but they are visibly threatened by selective logging and conversion to pastures in the Southern Caribbean. Mangroves Mangroves are various kinds of trees up to medium height and shrubs that grow in saline coastal sediment habitats in the tropics and subtropics. Mangroves are salt-tolerant vegetation that grows in intertidal regions of rivers and estuaries. "Destruction of mangroves has definitely been one of the major causes of flooding, since the land reclaimed from mangroves is now blocking the rain water from flowing out into the sea. The Kenya National Mangrove Ecosystem Management Plan (2017 – 2027) gives three root causes of mangrove exploitation, namely: poverty and economic development, ignorance and weak governance. Way forward. Contextual Introduction. Source: Valiela et al. Study shows the causes of mangrove deforestation in Southeast Asia Your friend's email Your email I would like to subscribe to Science X Newsletter. Destruction of the Mangrove Forest of the Sundarbans This satellite image shows the Bay of Bengal where the rivers Ganges, Brahmapoutre and Meghna meet the sea, otherwise known as the Sundarbans. With over 10,000 km² of Causes of mangrove distributions decline Habitat destruction (also termed habitat loss and habitat reduction) is the process by which a natural habitat becomes incapable of supporting its native species. Additional pressure from tourism developers, coastal construction, farmers and 15 Causes of Coral Reef Destruction - Effects, coral reefs are indeed beautiful, home for a million sea creatures in the ocean, no need to destruct. To restore Mangrove Ecosystems, one needs to understand the real causes of their destruction. Habitat destruction is one of five global ecological pressures affecting the ocean, along with fishing pressure, climate change (including ocean acidification, water pollution and the introduction of alien species or genotypes. The organisms that previously inhabited the site are displaced or die, thereby reducing biodiversity and species abundance . Anthropogenic Causes (a). Thailand has lost 84 percent of its mangroves, the highest rate of mangrove loss of any nation, while the Ivory Conclusion. Mangrove Destruction and its Impact Importance of mangrove has been recognised by various stakeholders of the society viz. This is 23 percent of all mangrove ecosystems in the world (Giri et al., 2011). Causes of Depletion of Mangroves * Clearing: Large tracts of mangrove forests have been cleared to make room for agricultural land, human settlements, industrial areas, shrimp aquaculture etc. scientists, government, local populations of biotic and socioeconomic services. Discuss main reasons for mangrove depletion and their importance in Coastal ecology. Destruction of mangroves and unplanned constructions are responsible for flooding in Mumbai every year after heavy rains, say environment activists and town planners. Body. Mangrove forests are among the most threatened habitats in the world, and mangrove loss is rampant across the globe. The information gathered by this study provides an initial look at the effects of this destruction on the structure of zooplankton 2001. The capacity of mangroves to absorb flood Other Causes Other causes behind mangrove forest deterioration are loss of soil fertility, geomorphological changes, high salinity ecological succession, inadequate regeneration and low yield The deterioration of mangroves can lead to serious consequences, including a reduction in biodiversity, species decline, genetic erosion, extinction, increased flooding, and decline in water quality. Mangroves absorb excess water but they are being destroyed in Mumbai in the guise of infrastructure development, city-based environmentalist Debi Goenka told PTI. Mangrove forests in Vietnam can be divided into four zones (Hong, 1984, 1991): Zone 1 (northeast) between Ngoc cape to Do Son cape with an area of 39,400 ha; zone 2 (northern delta) from Do Son cape to Lach River mouth (7000 ha); zone 3 (central coast) from the Lach river mouth to Vung Tau cape with a 14,300 ha mangrove forests; zone 4 (coast of southern Vietnam) between Vung Tau Cape … Mangroves 1. These have in large part Keep reading to get informed how these causes reduce the chance of survival for Mangrove Destruction Despite increasing awareness regarding value and importance, the destruction of mangrove swamps continues to take place in many parts of the world under a variety of economic as-well-as political motives. Sudeshna 2. In 2010, a report of the Global Marine Species Assessment (GMSA) revealed that the shrimp industry accounted for almost 38 per An organic shrimp farming initiative and a mangrove protection law have cut human-caused destruction in Vietnam, but waves and storms are eating away … … Urban Development Urban development of areas in and near mangroves results in the destruction of this habitat as well as other associated wetland habitats. NASA maps trace causes of global mangrove habitat loss While overall mangrove habitat loss declined between 2000 and 2016, losses from natural causes such as erosion and extreme weather declined more slowly than human FAO cited high population pressure, the large-scale conversion of mangrove areas for shrimp and fish farming, agriculture, infrastructure and tourism, as well as pollution and natural disasters as the major causes for the destruction Mangrove destruction is an increasing problem along many coastlines worldwide (UNEP, 1995). 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